800+ Best Philosophy Books of All Time Updated List (2022 Guide)

Philosophy
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Though philosophy is one of the oldest academic disciplines (it’s actually among the five original liberal arts), it is also one of the most popular as well. 

So many people have developed a love for philosophy over time, and if you are one of them and want to learn more about it, then this list will help you pick the best books on philosophy.

Aristotle, Kant, Nietzsche, Camus, and Sartre… are just a few of the greatest philosophers ever to live. They are just a few of the hundreds of philosophers available to you. 

Believe it or not, Amazon isn’t that great at listing books perfectly.

At the end of the day, philosophy is really a personal pursuit. It asks each of us to think about what is truly meaningful in life and what our values are. 

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Unlike many other academic disciplines, there is no right or wrong answer, as long as you can support your conclusion with careful reasoning and evidence. Philosophy is something that everyone should at least consider trying to read, if even just once.

The purpose of this list is to show you how vast philosophy can be – and to truly explore and understand the philosophical world, you shouldn’t pick a random philosophy book, and start reading.

You should read in proper order – because everything is interrelated.

This list includes philosophy books in standard verticals like philosophy introduction, epistemology, ethics, metaphysics, political philosophy, regional philosophy, and more.

And, it also includes books listed in chronological order on individual philosophers like pre-socratics, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, the stoics, Plotinus, and a lot more.

It’s interconnected: Haha // (Meme via Memedroid)

Disclaimer: I may receive affiliate compensation from Amazon LLC if you decide to purchase a book through links available on this site. However, these compensations are at no extra cost to you and my goal is to provide you with the very latest updated list of philosophy books from the market. Read more about it here.

Let’s get to the list.

Table of Contents

What are the Best Philosophy Books to Read?

Here are my top picks and the best philosophy books to read this year:

Introduction to Phiosophy

Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about existence, reason, knowledge, values, mind, and language. Here is the list of the best introductory books on philosophy (reading list for beginners):

Epistemology

Memory

  • Memory: A Very Short Introduction – Johnathan K. Foster.
  • Memory: A Philosophical Study – Sven Bernecker.
  • Theories of Memory: A Reader – Rossington & Whitehead.
  • The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Memory – Bernecker.
  • Theatetus – Plato.
  • An Essay Concerning Human Understanding – John Locke.
  • An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding – David Hume.

Perception

  • Perception: A Very Short Introduction – Brian Rogers.
  • Philosophy of Perception: A Contemporary Introduction – William Fish.
  • Vision and Mind: Selected Readings in the Philosophy of Perception – Noe.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Perception – Mohan Matthen.
  • The Problems of Philosophy – Bertrand Russell.
  • The Phenomenology of Perception – Maurice Merleau-Ponty.
  • The Problem of Perception – A. D. Smith.

Skepticism

  • Skepticism: A Very Short Introduction – Duncan Pritchard.
  • Skepticism in Philosophy: A Comprehensive, Historical Introduction – Henrick.
  • Skepticism: A Contemporary Reader – DeRose & Warfield.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism – John Greco.
  • Meditations on First Philosophy – Rene Descartes.
  • An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding – David Hume.
  • On Certainty – Ludwig Wittgenstein.
  • The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism – Barry Stroud.

Ethics

  • The Elements Of Moral Philosophy – James Rachels & Stuart Rachels.
  • The Fundamentals of Ethics – Russ Shafer-Landau.
  • Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues – Steven Cahn.
  • The Republic – Plato.
  • Nicomachean Ethics – Aristotle.
  • Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals – Immanuel Kant.
  • Utilitarianism – John Stuart Mill.
  • Practical Ethics – Peter Singer.

Animal Ethics

  • Ethics and Animals: An Introduction – Lori Gruen.
  • The Animal Rights Debate – Francione & Garner.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Animal Ethics – Tom L. Beauchamp & R.G. Frey.
  • The Animal Ethics Reader – Susan J. Armstrong & Richard G. Botzler.
  • Animal Liberation – Peter Singer.
  • The Case for Animal Rights – Tom Regan.

Applied Ethics

  • Ethics in the Real World: 82 Brief Essays on Things That Matter – Peter Singer.
  • Doing Ethics: Moral Reasoning and Contemporary Issues – Lewis Vaughn.
  • Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics – Andrew I. Cohen & Christopher.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics – Hugh LaFollette.
  • A Companion to Applied Ethics – R. G. Frey & Christopher Heath Wellman.
  • Ethics in Practice: An Anthology – Hugh LaFollette.
  • Practical Ethics – Peter Singer.

Bioethics

  • The Basics of Bioethics – Robert M. Veatch.
  • Principles of Biomedical Ethics – Tom L. Beauchamp & James F. Childress.
  • A Companion to Bioethics – Helga Kuhse & Peter Singer.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics – Bonnie Steinbock.
  • Bioethics: An Anthology – Kuhse, Schüklenk & Singer.

Consequentialism

  • Consequentialism – Julia Driver.
  • Consequentialism and Its Critics – Samuel Scheffler.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Consequentialism – Douglas W. Portmore.
  • An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation – Jeremy Bentham.
  • Utilitarianism – John Stuart Mill.
  • The Demands of Consequentialism – Tim Mulgan.

Deontological Ethics

  • Kantian Ethics – Allen W. Wood.
  • Deontology – Stephen Darwall.
  • The Blackwell Guide to Kant’s Ethics – Thomas E. Hill Jr.
  • Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals – Immanuel Kant.
  • The Right and the Good – David Ross.

Effective Altruism

  • Doing Good Better – Will MacAskill.
  • The Most Good You Can Do – Peter Singer.
  • The Precipice: Existential Risk and the Future of Humanity – Toby Ord.
  • 80,000 Hours: Find a Fulfilling Career that Does Good – Benjamin Todd.
  • Effective Altruism: Philosophical Issues – Greaves & Plummer.
  • Famine, Affluence, and Morality – Peter Singer.

Environmental Ethics

  • Environmental Ethics: A Very Short Introduction – Robin Attfield.
  • Ethics and the Environment: An Introduction – Dale Jamieson.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Ethics – Allen Thompson.
  • Environmental Ethics: An Anthology – Andrew Light & Holmes Rolston III.

Friendship

  • Friendship – A. C. Grayling.
  • The Philosophy of Friendship – Mark Vernon.
  • Friendship: A Philosophical Reader – Neera Badhwar.
  • Nicomachean Ethics – Aristotle
  • On Friendship – Alexander Nehemiah.

Happiness

  • Happiness: A Very Short Introduction – Daniel M. Haybron.
  • What is this thing called Happiness? – Fred Feldman.
  • Oxford Handbook of Happiness – Susan David et al.
  • Theories of Happiness: An Anthology – Jennifer Wilson Mulnix & M.J. Mulnix.
  • The Pursuit of Unhappiness – Daniel M. Haybron.

Love

  • Love: A Very Short Introduction – Ronald de Sousa.
  • Philosophy of Love: A Partial Summing-up – Irving Singer.
  • Eros, Agape, and Philia: Readings in the Philosophy of Love – Alan Soble.
  • The Routledge Handbook of Love in Philosophy – Adrienne Martin.
  • Lysis, Symposium, Phaedrus, Alcibiades, with Selections from Republic.
  • Nicomachean Ethics – Aristotle.
  • The Art of Loving – Erich Fromm.
  • Existentialism and Romantic Love – Skye Cleary.
  • What Love Is: And What it Could Be – Carrie Jenkins.

Meaning of Life

  • What’s It All About?: Philosophy and the Meaning of Life – Julian Baggini.
  • Exploring the Meaning of Life: An Anthology and Guide – Joshua W. Searches.
  • Meaning in Life and Why It Matters – Susan Wolf.
  • Meaning in Life: An Analytic Study – Thaddeus Metz.
  • Man’s Search for Meaning – Viktor E. Frankl.

Metaethics

  • What is this thing called Metaethics? – Matthew Chrisman.
  • Metaethics: A Contemporary Introduction – Mark van Roojen.
  • The Routledge Handbook of Metaethics – Tristram McPherson & David.
  • Foundations of Ethics: An Anthology – Russ Shafer-Landau & Terence Cuneo.
  • Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals – Immanuel Kant.

Moral Psychology

  • Moral Psychology: An Introduction – Mark Alfano.
  • Moral Psychology: A Contemporary Introduction – Valerie Tiberius.
  • The Moral Psychology Handbook – John M. Doris.
  • Moral Psychology: Historical and Contemporary Readings – Nadelhoffer et al.
  • The Republic – Plato.
  • Nicomachean Ethics – Aristotle.
  • Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals – David Hume.
  • Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals – Immanuel Kant.

Utilitarianism

  • Utilitarianism: A Very Short Introduction – Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek & Peter.
  • Understanding Utilitarianism – Tim Mulgan.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Utilitarianism – Ben Eggleston & Dale E. Miller.
  • The Classical Utilitarians: Bentham and Mill – John Troyer.
  • An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation – Jeremy Bentham.
  • Utilitarianism – John Stuart Mill.
  • The Methods of Ethics – Henry Sidgwick.
  • The Point of View of the Universe – Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek & Peter Singer.

Virtue Ethics

  • Virtue Ethics: A Contemporary Introduction – Liezl van Zyl.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Virtue Ethics – Daniel C. Russell.
  • Virtue Ethics – Roger Crisp  & Michael Slote.
  • Nicomachean Ethics – Aristotle.
  • Natural Goodness – Philippa Foot.
  • After Virtue – Alasdair MacIntyre.
  • On Virtue Ethics – Rosalind Hursthouse.

Well-being

  • The Philosophy of Well-Being: An Introduction – Guy Fletcher.
  • How to Live a Good Life: A Guide to Choosing your Personal Philosophy.
  • The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Well-Being – Guy Fletcher.
  • The Good Life – Charles Guignon.
  • Nicomachean Ethics – Aristotle.
  • Philosophy and the Good Life – John Cottingham.
  • The Best Things in Life – Thomas Hurka.

Metaphysics

  • Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction – Stephen Mumford.
  • Riddles of Existence: A Guided Tour of Metaphysics – Earl Conee.
  • A Survey of Metaphysics – E. J. Lowe.
  • Metaphysics: The Big Questions – Peter Inwagen and Dean Zimmerman.
  • Phaedo – Plato.
  • Metaphysics – Aristotle.
  • Meditations on First Philosophy – René Descartes.
  • An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding – David Hume.
  • Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics – Immanuel Kant.

Causation

  • Causation: A Very Short Introduction – Mumford & Anjum.
  • Causation: A User’s Guide – Paul & Hall.
  • Causation (Oxford Readings In Philosophy) – Ernest Sosa.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Causation – Beebee, Hitchcock, & Menzies.
  • Metaphysics – Aristotle.
  • An Enquiry Concerning the Human Understanding – David Hume.
  • Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics – Immanuel Kant.
  • The Cement of the Universe: A Study of Causation – J. L. Mackie.

Death

  • Death – Shelly Kagan.
  • Philosophy and Death: Introductory Readings – S. Brennan & R. J. Stainton.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Death – B. Bradley & F. Feldman.
  • Phaedo – Plato.
  • Letter to Menoeceus – Epicurus.
  • The Death of Ivan Ilyich – Leo Tolstoy.

Free Will

  • Free Will: A Very Short Introduction – Thomas Pink.
  • A Contemporary Introduction to Free Will – Robert Kane.
  • Four Views on Free Will – Fischer, Kane, Pereboom, & Vargas.
  • Free Will – Gary Watson.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Free Will – Robert Kane.
  • Elbow Room: The Varieties of Free Will Worth Wanting – Daniel C. Dennett.

God

  • An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion – Brian Davies.
  • Arguing about Gods – Graham Oppy.
  • Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Religion – C. Meister & P. Copan.
  • Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion – David Hume.
  • Five Proofs of the Existence of God – Edward Feser.
  • The Miracle of Theism: Arguments For and Against the Existence of God – J. L.

Philosophy of Mind

  • Mind: A Brief Introduction – John R. Searle.
  • Philosophy of Mind – Jaegwon Kim.
  • Philosophy of Mind: Classical and Contemporary Readings – David J.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mind – McLaughlin, Beckermann.
  • Meditations on First Philosophy – René Descartes.
  • An Essay Concerning Human Understanding – John Locke.
  • An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding – David Hume.

Personal Identity

  • A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality – John Perry.
  • Persons and Personal Identity – Amy Kind.
  • Personal Identity – Harold W. Noonan.
  • Personal Identity – John Perry.
  • The Oxford Handbook of the Self – Shaun Gallagher.
  • An Essay Concerning Human Understanding – John Locke.
  • A Treatise of Human Nature – David Hume.
  • Reasons and Persons – Derek Parfit.

Political Philosophy

  • An Introduction to Political Philosophy – Jonathan Wolff.
  • Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction – Will Kimlicka.
  • Arguing About Political Philosophy – Matt Zwolinski.
  • The Republic – Plato.
  • Politics – Aristotle.
  • The Prince – Niccolò Machiavelli.
  • Second Treatise of Government – John Locke.
  • Early Writings – Karl Marx.
  • On Liberty – John Stuart Mill.

Anarchism

  • Anarchism: A Very Short Introduction – Colin Ward.
  • Demanding the Impossible: A History of Anarchism – Peter Marshall.
  • No Gods, No Masters: An Anthology of Anarchism – Daniel Guerin.
  • The Bloomsbury Companion to Anarchism – Ruth Kinna.
  • Property is Theft!: A Pierre-Joseph Proudhon Reader – Iain McKay.
  • God and the State – Mikhail Bakunin.
  • Anarchism and Other Essays – Emma Goldman.
  • The Conquest of Bread and Other Writings – Peter Kropotkin.
  • In Defense of Anarchism – Robert Paul Wolff.
  • Is There a Duty to Obey the Law? For and Against – Wellman & Simmons.

Conservatism

  • How to Be a Conservative – Roger Scruton.
  • Conservatism: An Anthology of Social and Political Thought From David.
  • Reflections on the Revolution in France – Edmund Burke.
  • The Conservative Mind: From Burke to Eliot – Russell Kirk.
  • Rationalism in Politics – Michael Oakeshott.

Critical Theory

  • Introducing Critical Theory – Stuart Sim.
  • Introduction to Critical Theory: Horkheimer to Habermas – David Held.
  • Critical Theory: The Essential Readings – David Ingram.
  • Critical Theory: Selected Essays – Max Horkheimer.
  • One-Dimensional Man – Herbert Marcuse.
  • Grand Hotel Abyss: The Lives of the Frankfurt School – Stuart Jeffries.

Democracy

  • Theories of Democracy: A Critical Introduction – Frank Cunningham.
  • Models of Democracy – David Held.
  • Philosophy and Democracy: An Anthology – Thomas Christiano.
  • The Republic – Plato.
  • Politics – Aristotle.
  • The Social Contract – Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
  • Democracy in America – Alexis de Tocqueville.
  • On Democracy – Robert A. Dahl.
  • Democratic Authority: A Philosophical Framework – David M. Estlund.
  • Against Democracy – Jason Brennan.

Freedom

  • Freedom: An Introduction with Readings – Nigel Warburton.
  • Freedom: Contemporary Liberal Perspectives – Katrin Flikschuh.
  • Freedom: A Philosophical Anthology – I. Carter, M. Kramer & H. Steiner.
  • The Liberty Reader – David Miller.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Freedom – David Schmidtz & Carmen Pavel.
  • On Liberty – John Stuart Mill.
  • Four Essays on Liberty – Isaiah Berlin.

Global Justice

  • Global Justice – Jon Mandle.
  • Political Theory and International Relations – Charles R. Beitz.
  • The Global Justice Reader – Thom Brooks.
  • Global Justice: Seminal Essays – Thomas Pogge & Darrel Moellendorf.
  • The Law of Peoples – John Rawls.
  • World Poverty and Human Rights – Thomas W. Pogge.
  • Global Justice: A Cosmopolitan Account – Gillian Brock.

Human Rights

  • Human Rights: A Very Short Introduction – Andrew Clapham.
  • The Evolution of International Human Rights – Paul Gordon Lauren.
  • Human Rights: An Introduction – Darren J. O’Byrne.
  • Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights – Cruft, Liao, & Renzo.
  • World Poverty and Human Rights – Thomas Pogge.
  • The Idea of Human Rights – Charles R. Beitz.
  • On Human Rights – James Griffin.
  • The Heart of Human Rights – Allen Buchanan.

Justice

  • Justice: What’s the Right Thing to Do? – Michael Sandel.
  • Justice: An Anthology – Louis P. Pojman.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Distributive Justice – Serena Oslaretti.
  • Republic – Plato.
  • Politics – Aristotle.
  • A Theory of Justice – John Rawls.
  • The Idea of Justice – Amartya Sen.
  • Rescuing Justice and Equality – G. A. Cohen.

Liberalism

  • Liberalism: A Very Short Introduction – Michael Freeden.
  • Liberalism and the Limits of Justice – Michael Sandel.
  • Liberalism and Its Critics – Michael Sandel.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Liberalism – Steven Wall.
  • Second Treatise of Government – John Locke.
  • On Liberty – John Stuart Mill.
  • Political Liberalism – John Rawls.

Libertarianism

  • Libertarianism: What Everyone Needs to Know – Jason Brennan.
  • Libertarianism (Key Concepts in Political Theory) – Eric Mack.
  • The Libertarian Reader: Classic and Contemporary Writings – David Boaz.
  • The Routledge Handbook of Libertarianism – Brennan, van der Vossen.
  • Anarchy, State, and Utopia – Robert Nozick.
  • Law, Legislation, and Liberty, Volume 1: Rules and Order – Friedrich Hayek.
  • Left Libertarianism and its Critics: The Contemporary Debate – Vallentyne.
  • Libertarianism without Inequality – Michael Otsuka.

Marxism

  • Understanding Marxism – Geoff Boucher.
  • Main Currents of Marxism – Leszek Kolakowski.
  • Marxism after Marx – David McLellan.
  • Marx and Modernity: Key Readings and Commentary – Robert Antonio.
  • Critical Companion to Contemporary Marxism – Bidet & Kouvelakis.
  • Selected Writings – Karl Marx.
  • A Future for Marxism? – Andrew Levine.
  • Reconstructing Marxism – Wright, Levine, & Sober.
  • From Marxism to Post-Marxism – Göran Therborn.

Punishment

  • The Problem of Punishment – David Boonin.
  • Why Punish? How Much?: A Reader on Punishment – Michael Tonry.
  • The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy and Science of Punishment.
  • An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation – Jeremy Bentham.
  • Punishment and Responsibility: Essays in the Philosophy of Law – H.L.A. Hart.
  • Discipline & Punish: The Birth of the Prison – Michel Foucault.
  • The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness.
  • The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison: Ideology, Class, & Criminalism.

Socialism

  • Socialism: Past and Future – Michael Harrington.
  • Why Not Socialism? – G. A. Cohen.
  • Selected Writings – Karl Marx.
  • Socialism: Utopian and Scientific – Friedrich Engels.
  • The Fatal Conceit – Friedrich Hayek.
  • A Future for Socialism – John Roemer.
  • Envisioning Real Utopias – Erik Olin Wright.
  • How to Be an Anti-capitalist in the 21st Century – Erik Olin Wright.

Utopia

  • The Utopia Reader – Claeys & Sargeant.
  • Utopia – Thomas More.
  • Ideology and Utopia – Karl Mannheim.
  • The Grasshopper: Games Life, and Utopia – Bernard Suits.
  • Anarchy, State and Utopia – Robert Nozick.
  • Utopia as Method – Ruth Levitas.
  • Envisioning Real Utopias – Erik Olin Wright.
  • Automation and Utopia – John Danaher.

War

  • Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations.
  • The Ethics of War and Peace – Helen Frowe.
  • The Morality of War: A Reader – Kinsella & Carr.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of War – Seth Lazar.
  • On War – Carl von Clausewitz.
  • Killing in War – Jeff Mcmahan.

Regional Philosophy

African Philosophy

  • An Introduction to African Philosophy – Samuel Oluoch Imbo.
  • A Short History of African Philosophy – Barry Hallen.
  • African Philosophy: Myth and Reality – Paulin J. Hountondji & Abiola Irele.
  • African Philosophy in Search of Identity – D. A. Masolo.
  • A Companion to African Philosophy – Kwasi Wiredu.
  • The African Philosophy Reader – P.H. Coetzee & A.P.J. Roux.

Chinese Philosophy

  • Introduction to Classical Chinese Philosophy – Bryan W. Van Norden.
  • A Short History of Chinese Philosophy – Fung Yu-lan.
  • Readings in Classical Chinese Philosophy – P. J. Ivanhoe & B. W. Van Norden.
  • Dao De Jing – Laozi.
  • The Analects – Confucius.
  • Mencius – Mencius.
  • Chuang Tzu: Basic Writings – Chuang Tzu.
  • The Path: What Chinese Philosophers Can Teach Us About the Good Life.

Indian Philosophy

  • Indian Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction – Sue Hamilton.
  • An Introduction to Indian Philosophy – Roy W. Perrett.
  • Classical Indian Philosophy – Adamson & Ganeri.
  • A Sourcebook in Indian Philosophy – Radhakrishnan & Moore.
  • Oxford Handbook of Indian Philosophy – Jonardon Ganeri.
  • The Upanishads.
  • The Bhagavad Gita.
  • In the Buddha’s Words – Bhikkhu Bodhi.

Islamic Philosophy

  • Philosophy in the Islamic World: A Very Short Introduction – Peter Adamson.
  • Philosophy in the Islamic World – Peter Adamson.
  • Classical Arabic Philosophy: An Anthology of Sources – McGinnis & Reisman.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy – Peter Adamson.
  • The Incoherence of the Philosophers – al-Ghazali.
  • The Metaphysics of The Healing – Avicenna.

More Philosophical Topics

Aesthetics

  • But Is It Art? – Cynthia Freeland?
  • Philosophy of Art: A Contemporary Introduction – Noël Carroll.
  • Aesthetics: A Comprehensive Anthology – Cahn & Meskin.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Aesthetics – Jerrold Levinson.
  • Poetics – Aristotle.
  • Of the Standard of Taste – David Hume.

Analytic Philosophy

  • Analytic Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction – Michael Beaney.
  • A Brief History of Analytic Philosophy: From Russell to Rawls – Stephen P.
  • Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy – Avrum Stroll.
  • A Companion to Analytic Philosophy – A. P. Martinich & David Sosa.
  • Analytic Philosophy: An Anthology – A. P. Martinich & David Sosa.
  • The Problems of Philosophy – Bertrand Russell.

Ancient Greek Philosophy

  • Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction – Julia Annas.
  • Ancient Greek Philosophy: From the Presocratics to the Hellenistic.
  • Readings in Ancient Greek Philosophy: From Thales to Aristotle – S. Cohen.
  • The Presocratic Philosophers – G. S. Kirk, J. E. Raven & M. Schofield.
  • The Trial and Death of Socrates – Plato.
  • The Republic – Plato.
  • Nicomachean Ethics – Aristotle.
  • The Essential Epicurus – Epicurus.

Philosophy of Biology

  • Philosophy of Biology – Peter Godfrey-Smith.
  • Sex and Death: An Introduction to Philosophy of Biology – Kim Sterelny.
  • Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology – David L. Hull.
  • Philosophy of Biology: An Anthology – Alex Rosenberg & Robert Arp.

Buddhist Philosophy

  • What the Buddha Taught – Walpola Rahula.
  • The Heart of the Buddha’s Teaching: Transforming Suffering into Peace, Joy.
  • An Introduction to Buddhist Philosophy – Stephen J. Laumakis.
  • A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy – Steven M. Immanuel.
  • Buddhist Philosophy: Selected Readings – Edelglass & Garfield.
  • In the Buddha’s Words: An Anthology of Discourses from the Pali Canon.
  • The Dhammapada.
  • Why Buddhism is True: The Science and Philosophy of Meditation.

Confuciusianism

  • Confucianism: A Very Short Introduction – Daniel K. Gardner.
  • Thinking Through Confucius – D. L. Hall & R. T. Ames.
  • Confucius: The Secular as Sacred – Herbert Fingarette.
  • A Concise Companion to Confucius – Paul R. Goldin.
  • The Analects – Confucius.

Continental Philosophy

  • Continental Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction – Simon Critchley.
  • Continental Philosophy: An Introduction – David West.
  • The Continental Philosophy Reader – R. Kearney & M. Rainwater.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Continental Philosophy – B. Leiter & M. Rosen.

Critical Thinking

  • Giving Reasons: An Extremely Short Introduction to Critical Thinking – David.
  • Critical Thinking: A Concise Guide – Tracy Bowell & Gary Kemp.
  • A Rulebook for Arguments – Anthony Weston.
  • Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric: The Use of Reason in Everyday Life.
  • Understanding Arguments: An Introduction to Informal Logic – Walter.

Daoism

  • Dao De Jing – Laozi.
  • Zhuangzi: The Essential Writings – Zhuangzi.
  • Introducing Daoism – Livia Kohn.
  • Daoism and Chinese Culture – Livia Kohn.
  • Taoism: Growth of a Religion – Isabelle Robinet.
  • The Taoist Experience: An Anthology – Livia Kohn.

Decision Theory

  • Making Better Decisions: Decision Theory in Practice – Itzhak Gilboa.
  • Choices: An Introduction to Decision Theory – Michael D. Resnik.
  • An Introduction to Decision Theory – Martin Peterson.
  • Blackwell Handbook of Judgment and Decision Making – Derek J. Koehler.

Philosophy of Economics

  • Philosophy of Economics – Don Ross.
  • Philosophy of Economics: A Contemporary Introduction – Julian Reiss.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Economics – Harold Kincaid.
  • The Philosophy of Economics: An Anthology – Daniel M. Hausman.

Philosophy of Education

  • The Philosophy of Education: An Introduction – Richard Bailey.
  • Philosophy of Education – Nel Noddings.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Education – Harvey Siegel.
  • Classic and Contemporary Readings in the Philosophy of Education – Steven.
  • Emile: or, On Education – Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
  • Democracy and Education – John Dewey.
  • Pedagogy of the Oppressed – Paulo Freire.

Philosophy of Emotion

  • The Emotions: A Philosophical Introduction – J. Deonna & F. Teroni.
  • Emotions: An Essay in Aid of Moral Psychology – Robert C. Roberts.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Emotion – Peter Goldie.
  • What Is an Emotion?: Classic and Contemporary Readings – Robert C.
  • The Passions of the Soul – René Descartes.
  • A Treatise of Human Nature – David Hume.

The Enlightenment

  • The Enlightenment: A Very Short Introduction – John Robertson.
  • The Enlightenment – Dorinda Outram.
  • The Dream of Enlightenment: The Rise of Modern Philosophy – Anthony.
  • The Portable Enlightenment Reader – Issac Kramnick.
  • Second Treatise of Government – John Locke.
  • Discourse on the Method – Rene Descartes.
  • An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding – David Hume.
  • A Vindication of the Rights of Woman – Mary Wollstonecraft.

Existentialism

  • An Introduction to Existentialism – Robert G. Olsen.
  • At the Existentialist Café: Freedom, Being, and Apricot Cocktails – Sarah.
  • Basic Writings of Existentialism – Gordon Marino.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Existentialism – Steven Crowell.
  • The Sickness unto Death: A Christian Psychological Exposition of Edification.
  • Jean-Paul Sartre: Basic Writings – Jean-Paul Sartre.
  • The Ethics of Ambiguity – Simone de Beauvoir.

Feminist Philosophy

  • An Introduction to Feminist Philosophy – Alison Stone.
  • Feminist Thought: A More Comprehensive Introduction – Rosemarie Tong.
  • The Routledge Companion to Feminist Philosophy – Garry, Khader, & Stone.
  • Feminist Theory: A Philosophical Anthology – Ann Cudd & Andreasen.
  • A Vindication of the Rights of Woman – Mary Wollstonecraft.
  • The Subjection of Women – John Stuart Mill.
  • The Second Sex – Simone de Beauvoir.
  • Down Girl: The Logic of Misogyny – Kate Manne.

Philosophy of Film

  • The Philosophy of Motion Pictures – Noël Carroll.
  • Philosophy of Film and Motion Pictures: An Anthology – Noël Carroll.
  • The Palgrave Handbook of the Philosophy of Film and Motion.
  • Current Controversies in Philosophy of Film – Kathleen Thomas Jones.
  • What is Cinema? Vol. 1 – Andre Bazin.
  • The World Viewed: Reflections on the Ontology of Film – Stanley Cavell.

Philosophy of Gender

  • Gender: The Key Concepts – Mary Evans.
  • Debating Sex and Gender – Georgia Warnke.
  • The Gender Knot – Allan G. Johnson.
  • A Vindication of the Rights of Woman – Mary Wollstonecraft.
  • The Second Sex – Simone de Beauvoir.
  • Justice, Gender, and the Family – Susan Moller Okin.
  • Undoing Gender – Judith Butler.

History of Philosophy

  • A Little History of Philosophy – Nigel Warburton.
  • How the World Thinks: A Global History of Philosophy – Julian Baggini.
  • A New History of Western Philosophy – Anthony Kenny.
  • An Illustrated Brief History of Western Philosophy – Anthony Kenny.
  • A History of Philosophy – Frederick Copleston.
  • Classics of Western Philosophy – Steven M. Cahn.

Philosophy of History

  • The Philosophy of History: An Introduction – Mark Day.
  • The Philosophy of History (Oxford Readings in Philosophy) – Patrick Gardiner.
  • A Companion to the Philosophy of History and Historiography – Aviezer.
  • Lectures on the Philosophy of History – G. W. F. Hegel.
  • Selected Writings – Karl Marx.
  • Karl Marx’s Theory of History: A Defense – G. A. Cohen.

Human Nature

  • Thirteen Theories of Human Nature – Stevenson et al.
  • Who Are We? Theories of Human Nature – Louis P. Pojman.
  • Arguing About Human Nature: Contemporary Debates – Stephen M. Downes.
  • The Republic – Plato.
  • Nicomachean Ethics – Aristotle.
  • Leviathan – Thomas Hobbes.
  • The Descent of Man – Charles Darwin.
  • Human Nature after Darwin – Janet Radcliffe Richards.

Philosophy of Language

  • Philosophy of Language – Scott Soames.
  • Philosophy of Language: A Contemporary Introduction – William G Lycan.
  • The Philosophy of Language – Martinich & Sosa.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language – Lepore & Smith.

Philosophy of Logic

  • Logic: A Very Short Introduction – Graham Priest.
  • A Concise Introduction to Logic – Patrick J. Hurley & Lori Watson.
  • Introduction to Logic – Irving M. Copi et al.
  • A Companion to Philosophical Logic – Dale Jacquette.

Philosophy of Mathematics

  • Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction – Timothy Gowers.
  • Philosophy of Mathematics – Øystein Linnebo.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic – Stewart.
  • A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Mathematics: A Reader.

Medieval Philosophy

  • Medieval Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction – John Marenbon.
  • An Introduction to Medieval Philosophy: Basic Concepts – Joseph W. Koterski.
  • Philosophy in the Middle Ages – A. Hyman, J. Walsh & T. Williams.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Philosophy – A. S. Mcgrady.
  • Confessions – St. Augustine.
  • The Consolation of Philosophy – Boethius.
  • Three Philosophical Dialogues – St. Anselm.

Philosophy of Music

  • Philosophy of Music: An Introduction – R. A. Sharpe.
  • An Introduction to a Philosophy of Music – Peter Kivy.
  • Philosophers on Music: Experience, Meaning and Work – Kathleen Stock.
  • The Routledge Companion to Philosophy and Music – Theodore Gracyk.
  • On the Musically Beautiful – Eduard Hanslick.

Phenomenology

  • Phenomenology: The Basics – Dan Zahavi.
  • Introduction to Phenomenology – Dermot Moran.
  • The Oxford Handbook on Contemporary Phenomenology – Dan Zahavi.
  • The Phenomenology Reader – Timothy Mooney & Dermot Moran.

Philosophy of Physics

  • Philosophy of Physics: Space and Time – Tim Maudlin.
  • Philosophical Concepts in Physics – James T. Cushing.
  • An Introduction to the Philosophy of Physics: Locality, Fields, and Energy.
  • Philosophy of Physics – Lawrence Sklar.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Physics – Robert Batterman.

Postmodernism

  • The Origins of Postmodernity – Perry Anderson.
  • Postmodern Theory – Steven Best & Douglas Kellner.
  • French Philosophy in the Twentieth Century – Gary Gutting.
  • From Modernism to Postmodernism – Lawrence E. Cahoone.
  • The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge – Jean-Francois Lyotard.

Pragmatism

  • Pragmatism: A Guide for the Perplexed – Robert B. Talisse & Scott Aikin.
  • The Metaphysical Club: A Story of Ideas in America – Louis Menand.
  • Pragmatism: A Reader – Louis Menand.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Pragmatism – Alan Malachowski.
  • Pragmatism – William James.
  • The Essential Peirce – C. S. Peirce.
  • The Essential Dewey – John Dewey.

Philosophy of Race

  • Race: A Philosophical Introduction – Paul C. Taylor.
  • Philosophy of Race: An Introduction – Naomi Zack.
  • Racism: A Short History – George M. Fredrickson.
  • The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Race – Paul C Taylor et al.
  • The Idea of Race – Robert Bernasconi & Tommy Lee Lott.
  • Black Skin: White Masks – Frantz Fanon.

Philosophy of Religion

  • Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction – Tim Bayne.
  • An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion – Brian Davies.
  • Philosophy of Religion: A Contemporary Introduction – Keith E. Yandell.
  • Philosophy of Religion: An Anthology – Pojman & Rea.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion – William Wainwright.
  • Theodicy: Essays on the Goodness of God, and the Freedom of Man.
  • Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion – David Hume.
  • Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason – Immanuel Kant.

Philosophy of Science

  • Philosophy of Science: A Very Short Introduction – Samir Okasha.
  • Theory and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science – Peter.
  • Philosophy of Science: Contemporary Readings – Yuri Balashov & Alex.
  • The Logic of Scientific Discovery – Karl Popper.
  • The Structure of Scientific Revolutions – Thomas S. Kuhn.

Philosophy of Technology

  • Philosophy of Technology: An Introduction – Val Dusek.
  • A Companion to the Philosophy of Technology – Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen et al.
  • Philosophy of Technology: The Technological Condition: An Anthology.
  • What Things Do – Peter-Paul Verbeek.

Pre-Socratics

Socrates

Plato

Aristotle

Epicurus

The Stoics

  • How to Be a Stoic – Massimo Pigliucci.
  • Stoicism – John Sellars.
  • The Cambridge Companion to the Stoics – Brad Inwood.
  • Meditations – Marcus Aurelius.
  • Letters from a Stoic – Seneca.
  • Discourses, Fragments, Handbook – Epictetus.

Plotinus

  • Plotinus – Eyjólfur K. Emilsson.
  • Plotinus: An Introduction to the Enneads – Dominic J. O’Meara.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Plotinus – Lloyd P. Gerson.
  • The Essential Plotinus – S.J. Elmer O’Brien.
  • The Enneads – Plotinus.

St. Augustine

  • Augustine: A Very Short Introduction – Henry Chadwick.
  • Augustine of Hippo: A Biography – Peter Brown.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Augustine – David Vincent Meconi.
  • Confessions – Saint Augustine.
  • City of God – Saint Augustine.
  • On Christian Doctrine – Saint Augustine.

Boethius

  • Boethius – John Marenbon.
  • Boethius: The Consolations of Music, Logic, Theology, and Philosophy.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Boethius – John Marenbon.
  • The Consolation of Philosophy – Boethius.

St. Anselm

  • Anselm – G. R. Evans.
  • Anselm – Sandra Visser & Thomas Williams.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Anselm – Brian Davies & Brian Leftow.
  • The Major Works – St. Anselm.
  • Proslogion – St. Anselm.
  • Three Philosophical Dialogues – St. Anselm.

Maimonides

  • Maimonides – T. M. Rudavsky.
  • Maimonides: Life and Thought – Moshe Halbertal.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Maimonides – Kenneth Seeskin.
  • The Guide of the Perplexed – Maimonides.

St. Aquinas

  • Aquinas: A Beginner’s Guide – Edward Feser.
  • The Thought of Thomas Aquinas – Brian Davies.
  • Aquinas: An Introduction to the Life and Work of the Great Medieval Thinker.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas – Brian Davies & Eleonore Stump.
  • Thomas Aquinas: Selected Writings – Thomas Aquinas.

Machiavelli

  • Machiavelli: A Very Short Introduction – Quentin Skinner.
  • Niccolò Machiavelli: An Intellectual Biography – Corrado Vivanti.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Machiavelli – John M. Najemy.
  • The Portable Machiavelli – Niccolò Machiavelli.
  • The Prince – Niccolò Machiavelli.
  • Discourses on Livy – Niccolò Machiavelli.

Montaigne

  • How To Read Montaigne – Terence Cave.
  • Michel de Montaigne: Accidental Philosopher – Ann Hartle.
  • How to Live: Or A Life of Montaigne in One Question.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Montaigne – Ullrich Langer.
  • Essays – Montaigne.

Francis Bacon

  • Francis Bacon – Perez Zagorin.
  • Francis Bacon: The History of a Character Assassination – Nieves Mathews.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Bacon – Markku Peltonen.
  • Francis Bacon: The Major Works – Francis Bacon.
  • The New Organon – Francis Bacon.
  • The Advancement of Learning – Francis Bacon.

Hobbes

  • Hobbes: A Very Short Introduction – Richard Tuck.
  • Hobbes – A. P. Martinich.
  • Hobbes: A Biography – A. P. Martinich.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Hobbes – Tom Sorell.
  • Leviathan – Thomas Hobbes.
  • The Elements of Law – Thomas Hobbes.

Descartes

  • Descartes: A Very Short Introduction – Tom Sorell.
  • Descartes: An Intellectual Biography – Stephen Gaukroger.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Descartes – John Cottingham.
  • Discourse on Method – René Descartes.
  • Meditations on First Philosophy – René Descartes.
  • Selected Philosophical Writings – René Descartes.

Pascal

  • Pascal the Philosopher: An Introduction – Graeme Hunter.
  • Pascal – Ben Rogers.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Pascal – Nicholas Hammond.
  • Penseés – Blaise Pascal.

Spinoza

  • Spinoza: A Very Short Introduction – Roger Scruton.
  • Spinoza – Michael Della Rocca.
  • Spinoza: A Life – Steven Nadler.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Spinoza – Don Garrett.
  • A Spinoza Reader: The Ethics and Other Works – Edwin Curley.
  • Ethics – Spinoza.
  • Theological-Political Treatise – Spinoza.

Locke

  • Locke: A Very Short Introduction – John Dunn.
  • Locke – Samuel Rickless.
  • Locke: A Biography – Roger Woolhouse.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Locke – Vere Chappell.
  • An Essay Concerning Human Understanding – John Locke.
  • Second Treatise of Government – John Locke.
  • On Toleration – John Locke.

Berkeley

  • Berkeley: A Guide for the Perplexed – Talia Mae Bettcher.
  • Berkeley’s Thought – George S. Pappas.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Berkeley – Kenneth P. Winkler.
  • Berkeley: Philosophical Writings – George Berkeley.
  • The Principles of Human Knowledge – George Berkeley.
  • Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous – George Berkeley.

Hume

  • Hume: A Very Short Introduction – A. J. Ayer.
  • The Philosophy of David Hume – Norman Kemp Smith.
  • Hume: An Intellectual Biography – James A. Harris.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Hume – David Fate Norton & Jacqueline Taylor.
  • An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding – David Hume.
  • Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion – David Hume.
  • Selected Essays – David Hume.
  • A Treatise of Human Nature – David Hume.

Rousseau

  • Rousseau: A Very Short Introduction – Robert Wokler.
  • Rousseau – Nicholas Dent.
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Restless Genius – Leo Damrosch.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Rousseau – Patrick Riley.
  • The Social Contract – Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
  • Discourse on the Origin of Inequality – Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
  • The Confessions – Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
  • Emile: Or On Education – Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

Kant

  • Kant: A Very Short Introduction – Roger Scruton
  • Kant – Paul Guyer
  • Kant: A Biography – Manfred Kuehn
  • The Cambridge Companion to Kant – Paul Guyer
  • Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics – Immanuel Kant
  • Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals – Immanuel Kant
  • Critique of Judgement – Immanuel Kant
  • Critique of Pure Reason – Immanuel Kant

Hegel

  • Simply Hegel – Robert L. Wicks.
  • An Introduction to Hegel: Freedom, Truth, and History – Stephen Houlgate.
  • Hegel – Frederick Beiser.
  • Hegel: A Biography – Terry Pinkard.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Hegel – Frederick C. Beiser.
  • Reading Hegel: The Introductions – G. W. F. Hegel.

Schopenhauer

  • Schopenhauer: A Very Short Introduction – Christopher Janaway.
  • Schopenhauer – Julian Young.
  • Schopenhauer: A Biography – David E. Cartwright.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Schopenhauer – Christopher Janaway.
  • The Essential Schopenhauer – Arthur Schopenhauer.
  • Essays and Aphorisms – Arthur Schopenhauer.
  • The World as Will and Representation – Arthur Schopenhauer.

John Stuart Mill

  • Why Read Mill Today? – John Skorupski.
  • John Stuart Mill: A Biography – Nicholas Capaldi.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Mill – John Skorupski.
  • On Liberty – John Stuart Mill.
  • Utilitarianism – John Stuart Mill.
  • The Subjection of Women – John Stuart Mill.
  • Autobiography – John Stuart Mill.

Kierkegaard

  • Kierkegaard: An Introduction – C. Stephen Evans.
  • Kierkegaard: A Very Short Introduction – Patrick Gardiner.
  • Kierkegaard: A Biography – Alastair Hannay.
  • Fear and Trembling – Søren Kierkegaard.
  • Either/Or – Søren Kierkegaard.
  • The Sickness unto Death – Søren Kierkegaard.
  • The Concept of Anxiety – Søren Kierkegaard.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Kierkegaard – A. Hannay & G. Marino.

Marx

  • Why Read Marx Today? – Jonathan Wolff.
  • Karl Marx: A Biography – David McLellan.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Marx – Terrell Carver.
  • Selected Writings – Karl Marx.
  • The Communist Manifesto – Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels.
  • Capital: Volume 1 – Karl Marx.
  • The German Ideology – Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels.
  • The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 – Karl Marx.

Nietzsche

  • Simply Nietzsche – Peter Kail.
  • Nietzsche: Philosopher, Psychologist, Antichrist – Walter A. Kaufmann.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Nietzsche – Gemes and Richardson.
  • Nietzsche: A Philosophical Biography – Rüdiger Safranski.
  • Basic Writings of Nietzsche – Friedrich Nietzsche.
  • Beyond Good & Evil – Friedrich Nietzsche.
  • On the Genealogy of Morality – Friedrich Nietzsche.
  • The Gay Science – Friedrich Nietzsche.
  • The Birth of Tragedy – Friedrich Nietzsche.
  • Thus Spoke Zarathustra – Friedrich Nietzsche.

William James

  • The Philosophy of William James: An Introduction – Richard M. Gale.
  • William James: His Life and Thought – Gerald E Myers.
  • Becoming William James – Howard M. Feinstein.
  • The Cambridge Companion to William James – Ruth Anna Putnam.
  • The Essential William James – William James.
  • Pragmatism – William James.
  • The Varieties of Religious Experience – William James.
  • The Will to Believe – William James.

Frege

  • Frege Explained – Joan Weiner.
  • Frege: An Introduction to the Founder of Modern Analytic Philosophy.
  • Frege: Philosophy of Language – Michael Dummett.
  • The Frege Reader – Michael Beaney.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Frege – Tom Ricketts.

Freud

  • Freud: A Very Short Introduction – Anthony Storr.
  • Freud – Jonathan Lear.
  • The Freud Reader – Peter Gay.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Freud – Jerome Neu.
  • The Interpretation of Dreams – Sigmund Freud.
  • Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality – Sigmund Freud.
  • Civilization and Its Discontents – Sigmund Freud.

Husserl

  • Husserl’s Phenomenology – Dan Zahavi.
  • Husserl – David Woodruff Smith.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Husserl – Barry Smith.
  • The Essential Husserl: Basic Writings in Transcendental Phenomenology.
  • Ideas: General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology – Edmund Husserl.
  • Logical Investigations – Edmund Husserl.

Bertrand Russell

  • Russell: A Very Short Introduction – A. C. Grayling.
  • Russell: A Guide for the Perplexed – John Ongley & Rosalind Carey.
  • Bertrand Russell: The Spirit of Solitude – Ray Monk.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Bertrand Russell – Nicholas Griffin.
  • The Basic Writings of Bertrand Russell – Bertrand Russell.
  • The Problems of Philosophy – Bertrand Russell.
  • Logic and Knowledge – Bertrand Russell.
  • Skeptical Essays – Bertrand Russell.

Wittgenstein

  • How to Read Wittgenstein – Ray Monk.
  • Wittgenstein – William Child.
  • Ludwig Wittgenstein: The Duty of Genius – Ray Monk.
  • Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus – Ludwig Wittgenstein.
  • Philosophical Investigations – Ludwig Wittgenstein.
  • On Certainty – Ludwig Wittgenstein.

Heidegger

  • How to Read Heidegger – Mark Wrathall.
  • Heidegger: A Very Short Introduction – Michael Inwood.
  • Heidegger: An Introduction – Richard Polt.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Heidegger – Charles B. Guignon.
  • Basic Writings – Martin Heidegger.
  • Basic Problems of Phenomenology – Martin Heidegger.
  • Being and Time – Martin Heidegger.
  • The Question Concerning Technology, and Other Essays – Martin Heidegger.

Sartre

  • How To Read Sartre – Robert Bernasconi.
  • Sartre: A Philosophical Biography – Thomas R. Flynn.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Sartre – Christina Howells.
  • Jean-Paul Sartre: Basic Writings – Jean-Paul Sartre.
  • Existentialism and Humanism – Jean-Paul Sartre.
  • No Exit – Jean-Paul Sartre.
  • Nausea – Jean-Paul Sartre.
  • Being and Nothingness – Jean-Paul Sartre.

Arendt

  • Arendt: A Guide for the Perplexed – Karin A. Fry.
  • Hannah Arendt: For Love of the World – Elisabeth Young-Bruehl.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Hannah Arendt – Dana Villa.
  • The Portable Hannah Arendt – Hannah Arendt.
  • The Origins of Totalitarianism – Hannah Arendt.
  • The Human Condition – Hannah Arendt.
  • Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil – Hannah Arendt.

Foucault

  • Foucault: A Very Short Introduction – Gary Gutting.
  • How to Read Foucault – Johanna Oksala.
  • The Lives of Michel Foucault – David Macey.
  • The Cambridge Companion to Foucault – Gary Gutting.
  • The Foucault Reader – Paul Rabinow.
  • Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison – Michel Foucault.
  • The History of Sexuality – Michel Foucault.

What is Philosophy?

The word philosophy comes from the Greek term “Philosophia”, which means love of wisdom. If you think about it, this makes perfect sense. We are all here trying to live better, have more meaning and bring more joy into our lives and improve ourselves for the better.

In conclusion, philosophy is the field of study that seeks the truth behind why and how people act. It is a never-ending quest to discern what the appropriate answers are when our lives (and habits) come into contact with this world, and the world beyond.

(Meme via Memedroid)

Though there’s a difference between scientific philosophy and existential philosophy, for me, philosophy is much more than we think. It’s not just simple attempts to discover the reasons behind how we view the world.

When we question our beliefs and analytically think about what makes them true, we are engaging in a philosophical dialogue with ourselves. Only by asking these questions, we can gain greater knowledge of what it means to be human.

Philosophy Books FAQ

Listing some of the most common questions about philosophy – with answers.

1. What is the importance of studying Philosophy?

In a nutshell, philosophy is the pursuit of wisdom.

Studying philosophy will arguably provide you with a solid foundation of knowledge and skills that one can use to navigate the world. Philosophy is a true liberal art, one that combines literacy with intellectual inquiry.

Given the increasing specialization of knowledge, philosophy challenges us to consider all possible angles for understanding our world. Furthermore, philosophy helps us to factor in moral implications and consequences when facing decisions and problems.

As a discipline, it demands clear thinking and argumentation. It is no surprise that philosophy has been part of a liberal arts education for over two thousand years. Today’s people especially students are missing out on a very important part of their education by not studying philosophy.

2. How do I start studying Philosophy?

In conclusion, I think that studying philosophy is a process of continuous learning.

It is learning how to respond to questions. While many things cannot be known, we can still always strive to know why they cannot be known. Philosophy is the art of the attainment of a diverse range of things, and this constant endeavor is the true purpose of philosophy.

In the end, don’t rush into it. Be slow – because it is complex. And, study in a track rather than picking in random books.

Exexcutive Summary

There are countless great philosophy books out there; some are old and some are new, but all of them will help you to answer questions about life, happiness, the universe, and everything else.

I hope that the list of philosophy books helped you pick out a few titles that interested you. There are plenty of other great philosophy books out there for you to read, so don’t stop with this list. See what else philosophy can contribute to your life, and keep learning new things as much as you can!

While philosophy is sometimes considered an esoteric and obscurantist discipline, it is in fact a fascinating, enlightening, and potentially life-changing discipline. What’s more, part of this process of self-discovery begins by taking the time to explore some of the many wonderful philosophy books that have been written over the years.

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Haha: // (Meme via Memedroid)

Bookmark this page, so you can easily get back and order new books after completing your reading list – since you can’t read all books at once.

The recommendations here will give you a perfect start in your journey towards understanding the world around you better through philosophical perspectives.

Philosophy is not just a discipline or a set of theories — it’s an adventure. It’s a way of evaluating the world, questioning and figuring out the unknown, and therefore learning about new things.

In the case of philosophy books, this means learning about exciting people and their fascinating theories. As with any good adventure story, these books can frustrate as well as excite you, but in every age, philosophers have thought something new and bold that makes you wonder what else might exist beyond our sights.

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